3. How can cord blood and stem cells save lives?
Stem cells can reconstruct a patient’s blood and immune system. Stem cells are infused intravenously into the patient’s blood stream. Once in the blood stream, stem cells flow into the bone marrow and differentiate into three blood cell groups of red, white and platelets. This differentiation starts the regeneration of the patient’s blood and immune system.
4. What are some of the diseases treatable by stem cells?
The following is a list of some diseases treatable by stem cells:
• Blood cancers like leukaemia, histiocytic neoplasms, myelodysplastic syndrome, multiple myeloma
• Solid tumors like hodgkin lymphoma, langerhans’ cell histiocytosis, neuroblastoma
• Non-malignant blood disorders like aplastic anaemia, chediak-higashi syndrome, congenital dyserythropoietic anaemia
• Immunodeficiency disorders like chronic granulomatous disease, cartilage-hair hypoplasia, severe combined immune deficiency
• Metabolic disorders like adrenoleukodystrophy, gaucher’s disease, hurler syndrome, osteopetrosis, wolman disease